LEWISTON, ID - According to the United States Department of Agriculture, Idaho growers seeded 720,000 acres of winter wheat for the 2020 crop, down 1 percent from 2019, but unchanged from the 2018 crop. Oregon farmers planted 700,000 acres, down 5 percent from the 2019 crop and down 3 percent from 2018. Washington winter wheat growers seeded an estimated 1.70 million acres of winter wheat for harvest in 2020. This is down 3 percent from the area seeded in 2019 but unchanged from 2018.
Nationally, planted area for harvest in 2020 is estimated at 30.8 million acres, down 1 percent from the 2019 crop and down 5 percent from 2018. This represents the second lowest United States acreage on record. Seeding of the 2020 acreage was underway in mid-September but was behind the 5-year average pace. About a month into seeding, progress was at or ahead of the 5-year average for the remainder of seeding the 2020 acreage. Seeding was mostly complete by November 17, 2019.
Hard Red Winter wheat seeded area is expected to total 21.8 million acres, down 3 percent from 2019. Planted acreage is down from last year across most of the growing region. The largest increases in planted acreage are estimated in Texas while the largest decreases are estimated in Colorado and Montana. Record low acreage was seeded in Nebraska and Utah.
Soft Red Winter wheat seeded area totals 5.64 million acres, up 8 percent from last year. Compared with last year, acreage increases are expected in most of the SRW growing States, while decreases are expected in Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and Wisconsin.
White Winter wheat seeded area totals 3.37 million acres, down 4 percent from 2019. Planting in the Pacific Northwest was ahead of the 5-year average pace in Oregon but was behind in Idaho and Washington. Seeding was virtually complete in the region by early November.